A condition affecting the normal ovulation process
An ovulatory disorder is a condition that affects the normal ovulation process resulting in failed or irregular ovulation. It is one of the most common reasons for infertility in women. There are various types of ovulation disorders such as anovulation (where the ovaries do not release eggs), oroligoovulation (where ovulation is irregular—infrequent but not completely absent) and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) which is a hormonal disorder affecting the ovaries.
Contrary to popular belief, not all women who have polycystic ovaries experience cysts – the condition primarily describes a higher than normal production of male hormones.
Since fertile eggs are essential to conceive a baby, women who experience ovulatory disorders experience fewer opportunities to conceive.
The most obvious indication of a possible ovulatory disorder is not being able to conceive. An ovulatory disorder can present itself in the form of an irregular or absent period. Dr Sharon Li can usually determine this condition by discussing previous menstrual cycles with her patient: if your menstrual cycle comes after a gap of 35 days or more from the last and is irregular, it may be a matter of concern and could be an indication of the presence of an ovulatory disorder. We can confirm this by means of a blood test.
Ultrasound studies of the ovaries can also be used to clarify whether ovulation is occurring. In the case of PCOS, superficial symptoms such as unwanted hair growth, acne and weight issues may be present. This is due to the hormonal nature of this particular ovulatory disorder.
Treatment for Ovulatory Disorders
The most effective treatment will depend on the exact nature of the ovulatory disorder by which the patient is affected. Usually, the first line of treatment is to prescribe fertility drugs, which may induce ovulation by stimulating follicle growth and egg development. Some fertility drugs can be taken orally whereas others are injected.
Medications for ovulatory disorders
The most commonly used medicine is an oral preparation called clomiphene citrate (sold as Clomid or Serophene). Injectable fertility medications come in the form of FSH injections. These medications work directly on the ovaries to develop a follicle or follicles. Sometimes, simple lifestyle changes such as exercise can be discussed to help induce ovulation.
If you are trying to fall pregnant and these various treatments have not yielded any success for you, Dr Sharon Li may recommend alternative options that can help you conceive.
Ovulatory Disorders Brisbane
Dr Sharon Li is happy to discuss any questions or concerns that you may have about ovulatory disorders, contact us here.